Basketball Game: History, Basic Techniques and Game Rules

Basketball Game – If Grameds hears the sound of the ball bouncing over and over again, chances are that someone near Grameds’ location is playing basketball. This game is one of the most popular games in Indonesia and also in the world.

In fact, this sport is considered cool. Especially for young people, playing basketball often invites admiration. Especially in the United States. There, the level of popularity of this sport even exceeds football. Well, Grameds, this time we will discuss many things about the game of basketball. Want to? Come on, let’s read together.

A. Definition of Basketball

Basketball is one example of a big ball sport. This game takes place by competing two basketball teams and fighting for the ball to be inserted into the opponent’s ring. The score that Grameds will get if it manages to score ranges from one to three points.

So it’s not based on which team reaches a certain score first. But based on the duration of time. International basketball rules set a time of ten minutes for four innings. However, specifically for the National Basketball Association (NBA), the game lasts for four rounds and each round lasts twelve minutes.

B. History of Basketball

It was James Naismith who made his name in history as the originator of this basketball game. Initially the idea arose because in winter, many sports games could not be done by the students.

His profession as a physical education instructor at Springfield College located in Massachusetts, United States, makes it easier for Naismith to continue to innovate in his sports creations.

In the beginning, in 1891, basketball was played using soccer balls. So don’t just use basketball like it is today. At that time, Naismith designed a basketball game by throwing a ball into a peach basket. The basket hung on the wall in the sports hall determines the score.

Each team consists of nine players. And at that time there was no dribbling technique. So how do you dribble? The trick is thrown to a teammate. Over time, this game began to develop. Especially after basketball began to be loved by various groups and various ages, this game is increasingly undergoing refinements to become like the basketball game that we now know.

Even though it’s done indoors, it doesn’t necessarily make basketball a sport that lets players relax. Sharpness of sight, strength of breath, speed of running, shrewdness in tricking, ability to shoot on target, and hand dexterity are skills that must be possessed in order to become a good basketball player. So don’t be surprised if Grameds will sweat while playing this game.

C. How did the game of basketball enter Indonesia?

History records that in 1920, there was an exodus of Chinese citizens to Southeast Asian countries, one of which was Indonesia. Meanwhile, China is one of the main targets of the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) to be used as a place to spread basketball games. China, which was familiar with the game of basketball twenty years earlier, also brought this game to Indonesia during the exodus.

The nomads formed their own communities, one of which was establishing schools for Chinese citizens. In these schools, the game of basketball was taught and became popular.

Then there were basketball communities in several big cities founded by these immigrants. Call it Chinese Hwee, Fe Leon Ti Yu Hui, Chinese English School and Pheng Yu Hui (Friend). Sahabat is a club from one of the Indonesian basketball legends, one of the Indonesian basketball legends, Sony Hendrawan (Liem Tjien Siong). Since then, the game of basketball is also played by the general public.

The organization that oversees basketball in the world is called the Federation Internationale de Basketball (FIBA). This organization is based in Geneva, Switzerland. At the national level, the main basketball game is called the All-Indonesian Basketball Association (Perbasi), which is based in Jakarta.

D. Basic Techniques of Basketball Games

In mastering the game of basketball, there are several things that you should know, such as how to play it, the rules in it, the size of the field, and the players that you can learn in the Book of Basketball Masters for Beginners.
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To play basketball, Grameds really needs to understand the basic techniques in this game. At least you need to master the technique of holding the ball, passing, dribbling , shooting , pivoting , rebounding , and slam dunks . How do you do it? Let’s discuss it together, Grameds.

1. Basic Technique of Holding the Ball

Holding the ball in the game of basketball is the most basic thing. Because he is the mother of all the techniques in this game. Doing it can’t be careless, because if you hold the ball well, you will find it easier to control the ball. Of course this greatly affects the quality of your game.

The way to hold the ball is to place both Grameds hands on the right and left of the ball. So that the ball does not easily come off, Grameds fingers must be stretched or spread wide. This hand position is very important to do, both to receive the ball or to make a pass to a friend.

2. Technique of Passing or Throwing the Ball (Passing)

After mastering the technique of holding the ball, we really need to master the technique of passing the ball to a friend. Because in the game, we can’t carry the ball without making a pass at all. This technique has several ways, we will discuss in more detail below.

a. Chest Pass (Chest Pass)

This operand is the basic technique in doing the pass. Because it is very commonly used. If Grameds is watching a basketball game, have you ever noticed a player making a pass whose elbows bend so that the ball is at chest level and both hands hold the ball? If so, that’s what a chest pass is all about.

A simple way to practice this pass is to bounce the ball against the wall in front of you while taking the body position as in the paragraph above.

b. Overhead Pass

If you are under siege by your opponent and are heavily guarded or your teammates are far away, you can really use this pass, Grameds. Indeed, this pass is often used to escape from the opponent’s guard, while your friend is in an area that has minimal guard but is far away.

How to do this pass is with both hands holding the ball and positioned above the head and elbows bent. By resting on the crook of the hand, the ball is thrown until the hand is straight. Oh yes, for maximum, the ball is released by using the flick of the tip of the fingers.

c. Behind The Back Pass

Innovation and improvisation are indispensable in every aspect of our lives. There’s nothing wrong with dreaming something, because dreaming is free. Isn’t that right, Grameds? One of the things that has been a dream in basketball is the behind the back pass technique .

As the modern game of basketball developed, this technique became a deadly, dangerous technique, and of course it gave rise to admiration. Called deadly and dangerous because this pass makes the ball very difficult for the opponent to guess. The uncertainty that the opponent had in blocking this pass became unclear. Therefore, this pass often deceives the opponent.

This pass is quite difficult for beginners, because it requires special techniques to do it. Usually players who are already professional can do it well. One of the players who is good at this pass is Kobe Bryant.

d. Baseball Pass ( Baseball Pass )

From the name alone, Grameds would have guessed. Correct! This pass is done with one hand, much like a baseball player throwing a ball. When doing a counterattack, this pass is very appropriate to choose. The reason is, this pass is often carried out starting from the defense area itself to the opponent’s defense with accurate and powerful power quickly.

Not only that, this pass is sometimes used to trick the opponent. As if shooting the ball, but only passing the ball.

e. Bounce Pass (Bounce Pass)

This pass is done by bouncing the ball to the floor. This pass is done to get past tight opponents and teammates are difficult to reach.

The bounce pass is done by keeping the body in an upright position. Elbows are bent to the sides of the body with the ball in front of the body. Push the ball using your fingertips but palms facing outwards.

3. Dribble Technique (Dribbling)

Dribbling or dribbling in a basketball game is done with the aim of controlling the direction of the ball while bouncing the basketball to the floor repeatedly. If the foot steps, either walking or running, the ball must be bounced off the floor.

Through the dribble technique , Grameds can determine the agility of a basketball player. Usually, a player who plays as a point guard has good dribbling skills , and often becomes the best player in dribbling the ball. So do not be surprised if the point guard is often a playmaker in a team. Stephen Curry, John Stockton, and Earvin “Magic” Johnson are big names in the basketball world who play as point guards.

This technique can be done with one or two hands. Based on the height of the ball, dribble is divided into two types, namely high dribble and low dribble . High dribble is usually done when the player is in a free state. While low dribbles are often used when the player is under pressure from the opponent.
However, based on the type of trick, dribble in basketball is divided into many, namely:

a. Crossover Move

The ball is dribbled in a cross manner. The ball that was originally in the left hand is reflected to the right so that it can be well received by the right hand and vice versa. This type of dribble can be done in the opponent’s area and can result in an ankle break , where the opponent is tricked into guessing the direction of the ball in the opposite direction after the ball has been crossed .

b. Behind The Back Dribble

Actually , this type of dribble is the same as a crossover move dribble. It’s just that it is done a little differently, namely with the back of the ball. Of course, this dribble is not easy to do in a basketball game.

c. Between The Legs Dribble

The ball is dribbled by moving the ball from the right hand to the left but passing between the legs. At first, Grameds may have difficulty practicing it, but when you practice diligently, Grameds will be good at doing it.

d. High or Speed ​​Dribble

When doing a quick counterattack or fast break , this dribble is perfect for use. Players must run as fast as possible without releasing the ball. Techniques drain a lot of energy, therefore, players need to train excellent stamina in playing basketball.

e. Reserve Dribble

Have you ever watched a basketball player dribble by controlling the ball around the body horizontally? In addition to requiring high skill , this dribble requires high concentration.
s required to dribble and will be judged as a violation if he moves without dribbling.

4. Pivot Technique

this technique is a circular movement of the body by using one leg as a axis as well as a body pedestal. Pivot is done with both hands holding the ball.

Basketball players usually pivot after receiving a pass from a teammate because they want to protect the ball from the opponent’s attack. Pivot is a technical innovation that adjusts the rules of basketball, namely the player holding the ball i

5. Shooting (Shooting Ball Technique)

The ability to score highly depends on the skill in shooting the ball into the opponent’s ring. The better the shooting ability , the more likely it is to earn high points. Because the shooting position determines the amount of value that will be obtained.

The player who plays the main role as the shooter of the ball into the opponent’s ring is called the shooting guard . They are taken from players who have reliable shooting accuracy. Michael Jordan and Kobe Bryant are examples of basketball legends who played as shooting guards.

really needs to train their instincts, so they can know which shooting technique to use in the conditions that occur. Because every condition can not necessarily be done with any shoot .

Shooting technique has several ways. Let’s talk,

a. Set Shoot

This shot is usually done when the player is in a free throw condition or is free to shoot without having to jump. Because this shoot can only be done in conditions without obstruction or control, this shot is rarely used.

In order to make this shot, Grameds needs to hold the ball with both hands while bending his knees in a stance. While the body is still upright, keep your eyes on the target. Flex the fingers and give additional push from the arm. Before the ball is fired, make sure your instincts and feelings are involved.

b. Lay Up Shoot

This shot is also known as a hover shot. Because this shoot is done at the end of the dribble and so close to the ring, the player throws the ball with one hand towards the target. The throw is done while jumping as if floating. If Grameds wants to be good at this shoot , practice with friends so you can avoid getting hit by blockers .

c. Jump Shoot

The player does not move forward or backward. Then jump at the highest point to throw the ball. There are four principles in doing jump shoots , namely bow, eye, elbow, and follow through.

d. Slam Dunk

This shooting technique is the technique the audience has been waiting for the most. This technique is a movement that can often make commentators excited and excited because of the beauty of this shoot movement . Therefore, the team that can enter the ball in this way is often morally lifted. And can also undermine the spirit of the team that conceded in this way.

Initially, the slam dunk was just a show. However, slowly this technique is needed to win the match. Slam dunk is shooting the ball by flying and jumping into the air, not just throwing the ball or just bouncing the ball.

5. Rebound Technique

Useful technique to take advantage of the bounce of the ball that failed to enter the basketball hoop. If the missed shot comes from the Grameds team, then rebounds are useful to take advantage of the chaos in front of the ring. However, if the opposing team’s shot fails, rebounds can be used to keep the ball away from the Grameds defense area.

E. Basketball Game Rules

Basketball for Beginners (Theory & Practice) by Yolis YA Djami is a book that can help Grameds know everything that is important in the game of basketball. There are nine chapters in it, and all of them can help you understand the game of basketball.

The game of basketball has the following rules:

1. Player

Each team in a basketball game consists of five players plus a few substitutes. The five core players are divided into several positions, namely center (5 – C), power forward (4 – PF), small forward (3 – SF), shooting guard (2 – SG), and point guard (1 – PG).

Substitutions are made when the ball is dead. Substitutions are also free to do how many times.

2. The Time Rules for Carrying the Ball

Perbasi set some time rules. First, the three second rule. When in the opponent’s defense area, Grameds must not last more than three seconds. More than that will be recorded as a violation.

Second, the eight second rule. The time allowed for a team to play the ball in its own defensive area is eight seconds. More than that, offense.

Third, the 24 second rule. This is the time allowed for a team to attack. Should not be more.

3. Other rules

There is no limit on how to throw the ball, but it is not allowed to hit or punch the ball.
Carrying the ball by running or walking will be considered a violation. The ball may only be carried by dribbling .
The limit allowed for a player to commit a foul is four times. If you commit another violation, the player will be disqualified.
Double dribbles are not allowed. That is, if a player dribbles and then stops and holds the ball with both hands, then the player is not allowed to dribble again.

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